Natural Earthen mineral pigments used in painting of the classical traditional icon. Ancient iconographer’s chose this medium because it was fast, reliable, it sparkled, and reflected light like no other paint medium. Icon painters could paint as transparent or as opaque as needed to make the heavenly or divine appearance needed in the making of the icon. Many times throughout history icon painters used materials that were available only to their region. This birthed a palette which consisted of just a few basic colors, yet any icon could be painted. Even though the palette has small variety the color combinations were endless. These colors consisted of beautiful hues of gray, orange ochre, Lapis lazuli blues, ochre, white and many more. Earthen pigments such as cinnabar are rare, expensive and come in small amounts. Many of the Earthen mineral pigments come from around the world, harvested by miners who go to great lengths to make them available to all artists. Pigments are ground into powder and mixed with an egg solution, thus binding the pigment into paint. Having knowledge of the natural palette in iconography will give you the ability to paint an icon in any medium. The colors were strictly adhered to in Byzantine iconographic to create a heavenly depiction of saints, after their transfiguration. When the colors are properly chosen for the icon palette they are recognized as authentic in traditional icon painting. Iconographer’s follow a specific language of painting, and principles set by a canon of rubrics, created by the early Christian church elders.